Dr Sathya – MBBS,MD(Paediatrics), Lactation Specialist (NHCA Singapore)
Certified Paediatrician in Chennai
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What are the common health problems children face in their first 5 years ?
- Colic: Colic is a common condition in infants characterized by excessive crying, fussiness, and irritability. It usually begins around 2-3 weeks of age and typically resolves by 3-4 months of age.
- Diaper rash: Diaper rash is a common skin irritation that can occur when a baby’s skin is exposed to urine or feces for prolonged periods. It causes redness, irritation, and sometimes blistering in the diaper area.
- Ear infections: Ear infections are common in infants and young children due to the structure of their ear canals. Symptoms can include fever, ear pain, and difficulty sleeping or eating.
- Reflux: Reflux occurs when stomach contents flow back into the esophagus, causing discomfort and sometimes vomiting. It’s common in infants and typically resolves on its own by 6-12 months of age.
- Constipation: Constipation is common in infants and young children and can be caused by a variety of factors, including dehydration, changes in diet, or a medical condition. Symptoms can include infrequent bowel movements, hard stools, and straining during bowel movements.
- Teething: Teething is the process of a baby’s teeth breaking through the gums. It can cause discomfort, irritability, and drooling.
- Common cold: Babies are susceptible to the common cold, which can cause symptoms such as a runny nose, cough, and fever.
- Hand, foot, and mouth disease: Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a viral illness that is common in infants and young children. It causes fever, blisters in the mouth and on the hands and feet, and a rash on the body
Tips to Breastfeeding Mothers of born babies
Pediatrician plays a crucial role in supporting mothers to save their children by providing medical care, guidance, and education. Here are some ways in which a pediatrician can support a mother to save her child
- Start breastfeeding as soon as possible: Ideally, you should start breastfeeding your baby within an hour of delivery. This will help stimulate milk production and establish a good breastfeeding routine.
- Breastfeed frequently: Newborn babies need to be breastfed frequently, about 8-12 times per day. Offer each breast for 10-15 minutes per feeding or until the baby is satisfied.
- Position the baby correctly: Position the baby so that their mouth covers the entire areola, not just the nipple. The baby’s chin should touch the breast, and their nose should be clear to breathe.
- Offer both breasts: Offer both breasts at each feeding, starting with the breast that the baby did not nurse from last.
- Watch for hunger cues: Look for signs that your baby is hungry, such as sucking on their hands, rooting, or making smacking noises.
- Drink plenty of fluids: Drinking plenty of fluids, such as water or milk, can help ensure that you have enough milk to feed your baby.
- Eat a healthy diet: Eating a healthy diet that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein can provide the nutrients needed to produce quality breast milk.
- Practice good breastfeeding hygiene: Wash your hands before breastfeeding and keep your breasts clean to prevent infection.
- Seek support if needed: If you are having trouble breastfeeding, seek support from a lactation consultant or your healthcare provider
Roles of a pediatrician in childrens’s and mother’s life
Pediatrician plays a crucial role in supporting mothers to save their children by providing medical care, guidance, and education. Here are some ways in which a pediatrician can support a mother to save her child:
- Regular check-ups: Pediatrician can provide regular check-ups to monitor the growth and development of the child. Regular check-ups can help identify any health issues early and prevent them from becoming more severe.
- Vaccinations: Pediatrician can provide vaccinations to protect the child from serious illnesses such as measles, mumps, rubella, and polio. Vaccinations can significantly reduce the risk of serious illness and even save the child’s life.
- Nutritional guidance: Pediatrician can provide guidance on proper nutrition for the child, including breastfeeding, formula feeding, and introducing solid foods. Proper nutrition can help ensure that the child grows and develops appropriately.
- Developmental screening: Pediatrician can provide developmental screening to identify any developmental delays or issues that may require early intervention.
- Education and support: Pediatrician can educate and support mothers on a wide range of topics, including safe sleep practices, child safety, and coping with the challenges of parenthood.
- Early detection and treatment of illnesses: Pediatrician can help detect and treat illnesses early, reducing the risk of complications and long-term health problems.